hard


hard
hard [härd]
adj.
[ME < OE heard, akin to Ger hart < IE base * kar-, hard > Gr karyon, nut, kratos, strength]
1. not easily dented, pierced, cut, or crushed; resistant to pressure; firm and unyielding to the touch; rigid; solid and compact
2. having firm muscles; in good bodily trim; vigorous and robust
3. showing, or done with, great force or strength; powerful; violent; vigorous [a hard blow]
4. demanding great physical or mental effort or labor; fatiguing; difficult; specif.,
a) difficult to do [hard work]
b) difficult to understand, explain, or answer [a hard question]
c) difficult to deal with; not easily managed or controlled [a man hard to live with]
d) firmly fastened or tied [a hard knot]
5.
a) not easily moved; unfeeling; callous [a hard heart]
b) unfriendly; hostile [hard feelings]
6. practical and shrewd or calculating [a hard customer]
7.
a) firm or definite, esp. in an aggressive way [a hard line in foreign policy]
b) undeniable, reliable, or actual [hard facts]
c) consisting of the basic facts about major events, as opposed to presenting feature stories, opinion, etc. [hard news]
8. causing pain or discomfort; specif.,
a) difficult to endure; trying; exhausting [a hard life]
b) harsh; severe; stern [a hard master, hard words]
9. very cold, stormy, etc.; inclement [a hard winter]
10.
a) harsh, stiff, and wiry: said of fibers or cotton
b) having no nap: said of a finish for fabric
c) having a texture that is firm, dense, wiry, etc. [a dog with a hard coat]
11.
a) clearly defined or having sharp contrast; distinct [hard outlines]
b) too clear, bright, or penetrating to be pleasant [a hard light]
12. having in solution mineral salts that interfere with the lathering and cleansing properties of soap, corrode metals, etc.: said of water
13. energetic and persistent; steady and earnest [a hard worker]
14.
a) fermented; alcoholic [hard cider]
b) containing a relatively high percentage of alcohol; strong [hard liquor]
15.
a) of metal, not paper
b) of currency or coin, not credit: said of money
16.
a) that can be exchanged for gold or silver
b) that is readily accepted as foreign exchange: said of certain currencies
17. Phonet.
a) designating c sounded as in can or g sounded as in gun [a hard g]
b) voiceless, as the sound of s in sin
c) not palatalized: said as of certain consonants in Slavic languages: not used in these ways as a technical term by phoneticians
18. Agric. high in gluten content [hard wheat]
19. Chem. not easily biodegradable: said of detergents and pesticides
20. Commerce high and stable: said of a market, prices, etc.
21. Mil. heavily fortified: said as of an underground installation [a hard base]
22. Radiology of high penetrating power: said of X-rays
adv.
1. energetically and persistently; steadily and earnestly [work hard]
2. with strength, violence, or severity [hit hard]
3. with difficulty: often used in hyphenated compounds [hard-earned, hard-sought]
4. so as to withstand much wear, use, etc. [hard-wearing clothes]
5. deeply; fully; soundly [sleep hard]
6. firmly; tightly [hold on hard]
7. close; near [we live hard by the woods]
8. so as to be or make firm, solid, or rigid [to freeze hard]
9. with vigor and to the fullest extent: used esp. in indicating direction [hard alee! turn hard right]
SYN.- FIRM1
——————
be hard on
1. to treat severely; be harsh toward
2. to be difficult, unpleasant, or painful for
——————
hard and fast
invariable; strict: said of rules, etc.
——————
hard of hearing
partially deaf
——————
hard put to it or hard put
having considerable difficulty or trouble
——————
hard up
Informal in great need of something, esp. money
SYN.- HARD, in this comparison, is the simple and general word for whatever demands great physical or mental effort [hard work, a hard problem ]; DIFFICULT applies especially to that which requires great skill, intelligence, tact, etc. rather than physical labor [a difficult situation ]; ARDUOUS implies the need for diligent, protracted effort [the arduous fight ahead of us ]; LABORIOUS suggests long, wearisome toil [the laborious task of picking fruit ] -ANT. EASY, SIMPLE

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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